Every now and then, the threat of climate change appears somewhere on the internet, making many people nervous. India is of particular concern because it ranks first in the world in terms of fine air particle exposure owing to excessive pollution. According to recent research, 99 percent of cities in South-East Asia violate WHO criteria, and India is home to seven of the world's ten most polluted cities. Furthermore, air pollution has been named the world's fourth deadly factor. Air pollution affects around 6.5 million individuals worldwide. Climate change has had devastating consequences such as flooding, harsh weather, animal migration, and the destruction of valuable coral reefs and marine life.
Adding to the current problems - Pest infestations pose a danger to agriculture, while chronic and respiratory illnesses are on the rise, and the most damning aspect is the drop in food supply availability in many parts of the world, with Africa being the most impacted. Heat stress reduces yields or, in the worst-case scenario, causes crop collapse. Reducing short-lived climate pollutants provides us the best opportunity to quickly limit global temperature increase and reduce food security problems. In 2020, carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere reached new highs. Every country on every continent is being affected by climate change. Is there an action plan in place to address this?
The new future to green planet: Electric Mobility
Currently, 2-wheeler and 3-wheeler cars account for more than 70% of vehicles in India and burn around 65% of the petrol and diesel consumed in India, contributing to climate change since reliance on fossil fuels is still problematic for a country like India. Experts believe that the adoption of electric vehicles will have a significant impact on climate change, assuming you are willing to think of the earth. The shift to electric transportation will be difficult, but it will be critical in decreasing fuel consumption, emission levels, and temperature rise in the country.
Electric mobility, such as electric automobiles, scooters, and bikes, is the most practical and relevant alternative that may provide instant relief. This complies with the Paris Climate Agreement of 2015, which was attended by over 196 countries. E mobility will not only significantly cut pollution levels, but will also reduce transportation costs. According to studies, Electric Cars (EV) can provide solutions to difficulties produced by Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) vehicles.
The shift to zero-emission electric mobility will need significant support from all parties including manufacturers, consumers. The central government can play a pivotal role in delivering infrastructure development and providing necessary incentives to both producers and aspiring EV startups in order to encourage rapid and mass adoption of EVs.
How E bikes are helping towards a greener future?
The electrification of the transportation system contributes to national and municipal aspirations for cleaner and greener mobility, as mentioned in the Paris accord. Even without major changes in power generating sources – like coal and hydropower – an electric vehicle (EV) can cut CO2 and greenhouse gas emissions by more than 30% if widely adopted in India. With 2-wheelers and 3-wheelers accounting for more than 30% of emissions in India, EVs might be a game-changer in improving air quality and the health of urban populations while mitigating the increasing warmth that threatens polar and glacial ice calving.
Manufacturers can consistently leverage mobility technologies like electric bikes and electric scooters on the verge of disruption to assist India in reaching carbon neutrality. This will entail working on many themes like engines, batteries, wheels, lighting, and so on. During the last decade, the weight, frictional components like motors, and exhaust systems have changed dramatically with innovative solutions that come to the benefit of manufacturers and consumers. It not only improves efficiency but also significantly reduces pollution. Working on enhanced power solutions for the EV using renewable energy is undoubtedly a starting point, as this is critical to reaching carbon neutrality.
With advancements in battery technology, electric scooters and e-bikes in India will become more affordable in the near future. Currently, first-generation EV batteries are prohibitively expensive for lower-income groups, making it difficult for them to transition to e-mobility.
Furthermore, with innovation, battery recharging time is lowered, while TATA's charging stations on the highways are very commendable. Technology disruptions have enabled the acquisition of smart charging solutions, which may assist you in auto-scheduling your EV to charge when power rates are low and cease charging when demand is high. Next-generation EV batteries will also be able to retain excess energy, allowing you to travel for extended distances without feeling strained.
The government also intends to assist policymakers and investors, and battery and EV manufacturers such as Amo Mobility are benefiting from lucrative incentives through schemes such as PLI, while startup funds and infrastructure are being prepared to accelerate the process of EV mass adoption in India.
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